The Eye is linked with all adjacent and remote structures and organs of the body so ocular manifestations are so common in many if not all systemic diseases. So Ophthalmic examination is really an essential part of clinical examination in any medical case. The goal of this curriculum Is to provide a solid foundation in ophthalmology to each medical student of essential ophthalmic knowledge and clinical skills.
By the end of this course the student should be able to:
1- Identify The basic ocular anatomy and related cranial nerves ( II, III, IV, V, VI, VII )
2- Describe The functions of each ocular structure.
3- Identify The rationale and interpretation of testing the Red Reflex
4- Define The different refractive states of the eye and their corrections
5- Recognize The symptoms , signs , investigations and causes of orbital diseases
a. Symptoms , signs and treatments of lid diseases.
b. The different refractive states of the eye and their corrections
c. The symptoms , signs , investigations and causes of orbital diseases
d. Symptoms , signs and treatments of lens diseases
e. Symptoms , signs and treatments of conjunctivitis
f. Symptoms , signs , treatments and deferential diagnosis of Red Eye.
g. Symptoms , signs and treatments of vitreous diseases
h. Symptoms , signs and treatments of retinadiseases
i. Symptoms , signs and treatments of optic nerve diseases.
j. Symptoms , signs and treatments of lacrimal system
k. Symptoms , signs and treatments of glaucoma
l. Preventable causes of blindness
7- Obtain an accurate and complete ocular history
8- Measure And record near vision
9- Measure And record distant vision in adult and children
10- Assess Pupillary reflexes
11- Evaluate Ocular motility
12- Use The direct ophthalmoscope for assessment of Red Reflex , the optic nerve , and posterior fundus examination
13- Dilate the pupils
14- Perform and evaluate visual fields by confrontation
15- Estimate Intraocular pressure Digitally
16- Aversion of upper lid
17- Remove simple conjunctival FBs
18- Install eye drops ,topical fluorescein , local anaesthetics ..etc
19- Be caring and compassionate
20- Communicate with patients and handle them sensibly as appropriate to their age.
21- Be committed to work and learning
22- Be enthusiastic for patient care
23- Work as a team member
24- Show respect for patients, family members and other health care workers
25- Show respect to others religions, believes and culture
26- Lay a foundation of self-education and a critical approach to Learning
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