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The course aims to introduce the students to the basic principles of physiology such as body fluids, with particular emphasis on the differences in composition of intracellular fluid and extracellular fluid; creation of these concentration differences by transport processes in cell membranes; the origin of the electrical potential difference across cell membranes, mainly in excitable cells; generation of action potentials and their propagation in excitable cells; transmission of information between cells across synapses and the role of neurotransmitters; and the mechanisms that couple the action potentials to contraction in muscle cells.

Understanding the functions of the organ systems requires profound knowledge of basic cellular mechanisms. Although each organ system differs in its overall function, all are undergirded by a common set of physiologic principles. Once these basic principles are understood, they can be applied and integrated into the function of each organ system


By the end of this course the student should be able to:

1.    Describe the concept of homeostatic mechanisms.
2.    Discuss body composition particularly the distribution and composition of body fluids.
3.    ExplainStarling forces that govern capillary Fluid exchange.
4.    Describe the feedback mechanisms and identify the various components of a control system.
5.    Illustrate the functional organization and transport across cell membrane.   
6.    Describe the synaptic connection and Neuromuscular transmission.
7.    Discuss the resting membrane potential, nerve conduction, excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic potential, summation of potentials and their ionic basis.
8.    Illustrate the molecular basis and mechanism of contraction of skeletal, cardiac and smooth muscles.
9.    Define Edema and explain the mechanism and causes of edema.
10.    Explain different types of dehydration.
11.    Enumerate the functional organization of the autonomic nervous system and its chemical transmitters, receptors, actions.   
12.    Discuss Horner's syndrome.

13.    Apply physiology Knowledge and skills to solve clinical or community health problems
14.    Integrate the facts and concepts of physiology in order to explain the rationale of management procedures.

15.    To be compassionate  
16.    To interact with colleagues and work within a group.
17.    To respect teachers and colleagues.


Msc in Human Physiology

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